sudo is a command-line program that allows trusted users to execute commands as root or another user.
We will show you two ways to grant sudo privileges to a user. The first one is to add the user to the sudoers file. This file contains information that controls which users and groups are granted with sudo privileges as well as the level of the privileges.
The second option is to add the user to the sudo group specified in the
sudoers file. By default, on Debian based distributions like Ubuntu and Linux Mint, members of the “sudo” group are granted with sudo access.
Steps to Create a New Sudo User
Log in to your server as the
addusercommand to add a new user to your system.
Be sure to replace username with the user that you want to create.
Set and confirm the new user’s password at the prompt. A strong password is highly recommended!
Set password prompts:Enter new UNIX password: Retype new UNIX password: passwd: password updated successfully
Follow the prompts to set the new user’s information. It is fine to accept the defaults to leave all of this information blank.
User information prompts:Changing the user information for username Enter the new value, or press ENTER for the default Full Name : Room Number : Work Phone : Home Phone : Other : Is the information correct? [Y/n]
usermodcommand to add the user to the
usermod -aG sudo username
By default, on Ubuntu, members of the
sudo group have sudo privileges.
4. Test sudo access on new user account
* Use the
su command to switch to the new user account.
su - username
As the new user, verify that you can use sudo by prepending “sudo” to the command that you want to run with superuser privileges.
For example, you can list the contents of the
/rootdirectory, which is normally only accessible to the root user.
sudo ls -la /root
The first time you use
sudoin a session, you will be prompted for the password of the user account. Enter the password to proceed.
Output:[sudo] password for username:
If your user is in the proper group and you entered the password correctly, the command that you issued with sudo should run with root privileges.